Excellent list and discussion!
Niklas Goeke, congratulations for writing an excellent list of common biases. We could dissect these things several ways, and one thing you might have mentioned here would be the System 1 (or fast) and System 2 (slow) thinking that Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahnemann have talked about. I agree that a key issue in recognising the biases is to deliberately slow down: slow down your pace of thinking, slow down your breath, and above all, learn to “distrust yourself”.
Terrific reading! Please continue this series.